Case Structure

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A case structure is a LabVIEW primitive that dynamically selects which parts of code should execute. CaseStructure.PNG

General Items

On compile time the compiler assures that at least one case will run when the code executes, if this cannot be determined the containing VI will be Broken. To provide a case for values of the selector that is general a case can be labeled default. One case can be used to handle several selector values. To enter these provide a , (comma) between the values. A range of these values can be set by providing .. (two dots) between the values.

Editing tips and tricks

  • To create a new case after the current case use <shift-enter>, to duplicate the current case to a new case use <ctrl-shift-enter>
  • You can right click on the selecter and sort or switch cases

Selection mechanism

The selection decision of the case structure can be done by several datatypes:

  • Boolean
  • Integer
  • Enum
  • String
  • Error Cluster


The boolean case structure is the default state of the case structure. It has a case for the True and the False state.



The integer case structure uses the integer value of the selector data type to determine which case is executed



Non-integer numerics (floats) are rounded according to IEEE 754-1985, where a non-integer is rounded to the nearest even integer if it's rest is .5 .


  • Ranges
    An integer case structure accepts ranges to limit the number of cases. These ranges can be closed (3..10) or open (3..) where every value above 2 is executed.
  • It's possible to show Hex, octal or binary values using Radix. Right-click on the number and select Radix.

Example of radix in case structure.png


Enum or Tab control

The Enum case structure uses the string interpretation of the value to label the cases.



  • To have a case for every enum value right click on the selector label of the case structure and select add case for every value.
  • Don't add a default case, if the enum datatype changes the code will break and you'll be triggered that a case should be added.
  • A Tab-control's datatype is an enum as well, so it's possible to connect a tab control directly to a case structure.


The string case structure uses the string value to select which case should execute.



  • Selection is by default done case sensitive, to make the selection case insensitive right click on the selector label and select Case insensitive match
  • A default case is obliged
  • Ranges
    Just like integer and enum case structures a string case structure accepts ranges. To detect all string starting with foo the following range would apply "foo".."foo~". By adding the tilde on the end of the range you will get all strings starting with foo up to foo~. The tilde is the last visible ASCII character.
Caveats for using ranges
  • The range of "UI:".."UI:Z" is not inclusive of "UI:Z". To be inclusive you need to explicitly add it like this: "UI:".."UI:Z", "UI:Z" -- see docs for details. Using tilde will not match the value with the tilde
  • If you wanted to include frames like "UI: Zoom Out" (that have more characters than just UI: Z), then you'd probably want to set your range to something like "UI:".."UI:zzzzzzzzzzzzz" (Note: I used lowercase "z" on purpose -- see next point) or the tilde.
  • String range matches are case sensitive (even if your case structure is configured for Case Insensitive Match, I believe), so you'd want to use a range like "UI:".."UI:zzzzzzzzzzzzzz", since "z" (0x7A) > "Z" (0x5A) -- see docs for details.


The error case structure is like the boolean case structure but can be controlled by the error state of an Error cluster. The border of the error case is red and the non-error case is green.


Error Case Structure.png